On December 5, 1949, seven days after Bill “Bojangles” Robinson was buried, the Copasetics, “a social, friendly benevolent club” of musical and tap artists dedicated to preserving the memory of Bill Robinson, was organized. Its members pledged, as stated in the preamble of the organization, “to do all in their power to promote the fellowship and to strengthen the character within their ranks.” The club’s motto was “Everything’s Copasetic”—-Bojangles’ expression for fine, okay, grand.
The club's original twenty-one members were: Charles “Cholly” Atkins, Clayton “Peg Leg” Bates, Paul Black, Roy Branker, Ernest “Brownie” Brown, Charles “Honi” Coles, Chink Collins, Charles “Cookie” Cook, Emory Evans, Francis Goldberg, Frank Goldberg, Milton Larkin, LeRoy Myers, Pete Nugent, Luther Preston, Phace Roberts, John E. Thomas, James Walker, Elmer Waters, Eddie West, and composer Billy Strayhorn.
Subsequent membership included: Billy Eckstine, Lewis Brown, Curley Hamner, Timmie Rogers, Charlie Shavers, Leslie “Bubba” Gaines, Dizzy Gillespie, James “Buster” Brown, Louis Simms Carpenter, Albert “Gip” Gibson, James “Stump” Cross, Jimmy Wright. There were also honorary members such as: Willie Bryant, Lionel Hampton, Sammy Davis Jr., the Nicholas Brothers, Chuck Green, Joe Williams, and Dick Gregory.
During the lean tap years of the 1950s and 60s, the Copasetics remained a vital social force in the Harlem community, with boat cruises, annual balls, and charitable performances. In the 1970s and 80s the Copasetics were a major influence in the revival, and then renaissance of tap. The renewed interest in tap brought many older tap dancers out of retirement to delight audiences on the concert stage and in Broadway hits such as “Bubbling Brown Sugar,” “My One and Only,” and “Black and Blue Revue.” Members of the Copasetics taught, mentored, and performed with the next generation of tap pioneers, including Brenda Bufalino, Jane Goldberg, Deborah Mitchell, and many, many others.
The mission of the American Tap Dance Foundation has been intimately tied with the legacy of the Copasetics, starting with Brenda Bufalino’s dance partnership in the 1970s and 80s with Charles “Honi” Coles. Formerly the American Tap Dance Orchestra, the ATDF was founded in 1986 by Bufalino, Coles, and Tony Waag. The ATDO toured internationally until the mid-1990s under the artistic direction of Ms. Bufalino, performing dozens of her contemporary tap works. These dances are now being reconstructed and handed down to a younger generation of dancers enrolled in the ATDF youth and adult education programs. The classic tap repertory learned from the Copasetics has also become a central component of the ATDF youth and adult education curriculum. We trace our approach to performance, music, and the ways we pass on the form, back to both our Artistic Mentor Brenda Bufalino and to these great tap dancers before her.
The ATDF launched the Tap Teacher Training Program based in the Copasetic Canon in 2014 to ensure that this legacy of tap excellence continues onto the 21st century. The ATDF is proud to honor the Copasetics and their contributions, as we look forward to new voices and new grooves that have developed from these influences and beyond.
by Margaret Morrison and Tony Waag
Brenda Bufalino-Tapping the Source: Tap Dance Stories, Theory and Practice. Codhill Press, 2004.://copasetics.com/copasetics/copasetics.htm
Constance Valis Hill-Tap Dancing America: A Cultural History. Oxford University Press, 2010.
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About Our Graduates
Level 1 Training and Certificate
Covers teaching beginning tap students (children age 6+, teen and adult students) and foundational concepts based in the Copasetic Canon for all rhythm tap teaching. All new Trainees start with the Level 1 Training. Applicants are accepted based on video audition and application.”
Level 2 Training and Certificate
Covers teaching fast beginner to advanced beginner tap dancers (children, teen and adult students), continues with Copasetic Canon repertory and concepts, and provides a deeper exploration of tap artistry and expert rhythm tap teaching skills. Pre-requisite: the Level 2 Training is open to all students who attended the Level 1 Training.
Levels 3 - 4 Training and Certificates
Covers skills for teaching intermediate and advanced tap dancers and provides deeper exploration of rhythm tap artistry. Pre-requisite: successful completion of Level 1 & Level 2 Certificates.
Pre-Tap and Early Learners Training and Certificate
Creative movement curriculum for children ages 3 ½ + emphasizing rhythm games and music exercises to prepare young dancers for tap.
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